If you don't have a refrigerator, you can store a lot of fresh produce in a cooler with these tips on how to set up the cooler so all the food isn't in the melt water.

How to Use an Ice Box or Cooler for Food Storage

Dave and I have done a lot of extended trips where we only had a cooler for storing food — no refrigerator.  Four times, we’ve gone without a refrigerator for two months or more — plus lots of shorter trips.  We eat well on these trips — not just a bunch of dehydrated meals.  Here’s how I do it.

In short, rather than placing food directly on the ice — which will melt and you’ll end up with your food sitting in water — it’s far better to get some racks or grates and put your food in bins on the racks.

Before heading to the store, measure the length and width of your ice box or cooler (I’m just going to call both an “ice box” from now on).  If it’s not a rectangle, sketch the space and write down the measurements.

How to Use a Cooler for Food - If you don't have a refrigerator, you can store a lot of fresh produce in a cooler with these tips on how to set up the cooler so all the food isn't in the melt water.Depending on the size space and your “handy-ness” you can either use several plastic-covered wire “organizers” as shown in the picture, or you can cut wire shelves or grates to size and mount 1×1 strips for the shelves to rest on (you need to be able to easily remove the shelves to replace ice and clean the box, so don’t mount them permanently).

How to Use a Cooler for Food - If you don't have a refrigerator, you can store a lot of fresh produce in a cooler with these tips on how to set up the cooler so all the food isn't in the melt water.If you use racks like I did, they don’t have to 100% fill the inside of the ice box.  They just have to sufficiently fill the space to form a solid base for the bins.  Two things are important, however — you want all the tops to be level, without protrusions that will interfere with your bins, and you want the racks 5″ to 6″ off the bottom of the ice box so that sufficient ice can fit under them.

If you want a heavier-duty shelf, wire closet shelves are available in most home improvement stores and they can be cut to whatever size you need.  They are much sturdier if you’re trying to span a larger distance.

How to Use a Cooler for Food - If you don't have a refrigerator, you can store a lot of fresh produce in a cooler with these tips on how to set up the cooler so all the food isn't in the melt water.Then get some bins to hold your food.  I like the Sterilite bins shown, with solid bottoms (less bruising of produce than having holes in the bottom) and ventilated sides (to allow the cold air to circulate).  I got both the racks and bins in the housewares/storage department in Wal-mart.

Think about what you’ll want to store in the bins and size them accordingly — for example, if you like celery, you’ll need a bin that’s big enough for it!

Block ice will last far longer than cubes, although cubes will chill things faster.  For food storage, get block ice when you can — it will last 5 to 7 days in a well-insulated ice box even in 90-plus-degree weather (and longer if it’s cooler).  Cube ice will only last one to two days.  If you freeze the blocks yourself, remove them from any plastic containers (like milk jugs) before putting them in the cooler — the plastic insulates the ice and less cold gets to your food (see my tips for making block ice).

How to Use a Cooler for Food - If you don't have a refrigerator, you can store a lot of fresh produce in a cooler with these tips on how to set up the cooler so all the food isn't in the melt water.Put the ice under the racks and the food in the bins on the racks.  If the ice box has a drain, leave it closed except when you need to drain water out (and it’s not a bad thing to have some water around the ice — it’s colder than the air).  Leaving the drain open will just let hot air into the ice box.  As you can see in the photo at right, I could only get cube ice where we were and it’s already melting.

To preserve your ice and food, it’s best to put drinks in a separate cooler — you’re likely to get into them far more often than into the ice box for food, so you won’t lose as much cold from the food storage.  And if the ice melts on the drinks because of opening the cooler more often, you can still drink the drinks whereas food will spoil if the ice melts faster than you expect.

How to Use a Cooler for Food - If you don't have a refrigerator, you can store a lot of fresh produce in a cooler with these tips on how to set up the cooler so all the food isn't in the melt water.I use the cooler primarily for produce and dairy items (you can also store pre-frozen commercially vacuum-sealed meats for a few days). What looks to be a bottle of ketchup in the photo above actually holds milk — it’s a much better size to fit in the cooler than the box it came in (read more about boxed milk)!

Depending on the depth of your ice box, you can also get stacking bins and have a double layer.  Put the things that need to stay the coldest on the bottom.  Not only is it nearest the ice, but hot air rises, so it’s always warmest at the top.

Although I used this system when camping, our meals certainly didn’t seem like we were “camping out.”

Want to Have Great Meals without Refrigeration?

If you’re struggling to store food without refrigeration and really don’t like the meals you’re having, please take a look at my eBook: Storing Food without Refrigeration. For just $10, you’ll learn how to keep meat, vegetables, fruit, milk, butter, cheese, eggs and more so that you can have great meals (as well as saving money on spoiled food and stuff that no one wants to eat). See what the book covers and buy now.

Storing Veggies without Refrigeration Quick ReferenceAlso, a while back, I made a cheat sheet for storing veggies without refrigeration — notes on how to store various things and how long they’ll last. It’s really just the tip of the iceberg as far as storing food without refrigeration goes, but I’m happy to share it.

Want a copy of the Storing Veggies without Refrigeration Quick Reference Guide? I prettied up the one I made for myself and turned it into a FREE downloadable PDF. Get it here:

If you don't have a refrigerator, you can store a lot of fresh produce in a cooler with these tips to keep the food out of the melt water.

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  • Samm
    Posted at 17 February 2011 Reply

    Do you have any recommendations for an ice box (brand and/or model) under $50 that would work effectively this way?

  • Diane
    Posted at 24 April 2011 Reply

    Our first sailboat only had and icebox – no refrigeration. I purchased a wire coated shelf like you showed in the article. However, we froze water at home in plastic milk jugs. Since cold air sinks, I placed the frozen jugs on the shelves and the items that had to be kept the coldest (meats I had frozen at home)went under the shelves. Produce/fruits went in front of the shelves. On our first week long cruise, we only had to get one additional block of ice. The key was to FILL the icebox. I covered the entire contents of the icebox with spare beach towels to fill the box. This also helped reduce the amount of coolness lost when the box was opened to retrieve something. By freezing water in the gallon jugs, we had the benefit of “good” cold water for making coffee/drinks as the ice melted.
    Since our icebox was unfortunately right next to the engine compartment and I didn’t want to reduce the storage space by using foam, I lined the wall of the box next to the engine compartment with a spare blanket (heavier than the towels)to help keep the extra heat out. I would have preferred to use a “space blanket” but was unable to find the one I had or find a new one in our local stores. Admittedly, this setup would be a pain for a cruise of any length, but for a week or two, it worked for us. Some marinas will also allow you to put a couple of water jugs into their icebox overnight to refreeze them!

    Thanks for all the good info on this site! We are taking our first “long” cruise this winter…I’ve gotten so much help here already!

    • Carolyn Shearlock
      Posted at 24 April 2011 Reply

      Our refrigerator was also right next to the engine compartment . . . makes you wonder who comes up with these design ideas, doesn’t it?

      Thanks for sharing your tips and have a wonderful trip!

  • Ice Cooler
    Posted at 16 August 2011 Reply

    One other important thing for getting long use from the cooler is to make sure the orginal things that are placed into the cooler are already cooled. Great post. Thanks for sharing!

  • Janarthanan, K B.
    Posted at 08 April 2012 Reply

    Please suggest me for purchase of Cool Box (below 20 lts capacity) for storing Ice.(Cooling should last for 7days)

    • Carolyn Shearlock
      Posted at 08 April 2012 Reply

      I’m not sure if any cooler that small will hold ice for 7 days. The really well insulated coolers just don’t come that small — the smallest I find (Yeti) is 35 quarts (liters).


      • Bob Vivian
        Posted at 02 September 2014 Reply

        I believe he is referring to the 20L Nomad cool box cooler from the UK.

  • Sage Seeley
    Posted at 17 July 2012 Reply

    Hi! I am a live aboard in the Fl. Keys. I have a Norcold top loading fridge some say it is a icebox? According to specs on my boat it has 3″ of insulation. The compressor is in a sail locker & fridge is next to engine. I find it runs none stop. Tried some insulation from Home Depot around the inside of box. This on my trip over to Abaco collapsed. I like the idea of using wire racks to support the items. I have temporarily placed two mixing bowls in the bottom of fridge , there is a v shaped deep void in the bottom of fridge that is hard to fill in. I then place a board over it and have my sterlite containers balanced on top. When I return home I want to devise something more permanent. My thoughts I want to run by you are:
    Fill in the void with insulation covered by space blanket. Find racks to sit on top of that. Then I can place the bins on racks and perhaps add another layer of space blanket. I made a vent in my locker to provide more ventalation for compressor. But was thinking about a computer fan in the locker as well?
    My goal is to restore my fridge, have the compressor run less (as it is a big drain on my batteries) & avoid ice if possible.
    Your thoughts and suggestions would be greatly appreciated ! Thanks Sage

    • Carolyn Shearlock
      Posted at 17 July 2012 Reply

      Hi Sage!

      You have a refrigerator, not an icebox (an icebox has no compressor — it’s basically a built-in cooler).

      Unfortunately, in the summer in the Keys, it IS likely to run all or almost all the time. There are a couple of articles here on the boat galley that tell ways to make a refrigerator more efficient:

      Improving Refrigerator Efficiency

      Adding Extra Insulation to Your Boat Refrigerator

      The foam insulation sheets will help — use a little silicone caulk to hold them in place and they shouldn’t fall down. Your idea about a computer fan in the compressor locker will help, too — I know of one person that added two — one oriented to suck cool (well, relatively cool) air in and one to exhaust hot air. If it was working well in the winter, it’s probably insulation. If it’s running all the time in winter, too, you may want to have a marine refrigeration tech check it out to make sure it doesn’t need recharging (basically like your car air conditioner) — and if it needs recharging, that’s a sign that there may be a leak.

      If you decide that it just has to be replaced, a lot of readers are extremely happy with the Engel units — they say they run far less and take less power when they do. We did not have one but I’ve literally never heard anyone say anything bad about them. They’re not cheap, but they are less expensive than a lot of other alternatives and much easier to install.

  • tami
    Posted at 31 August 2012 Reply

    If it is available, we supplement our ice with dry ice. Leave the dry ice in a plastic bag, lay it in the bottom of the box, then lay the ‘wet’ ice on top of that. The ‘dry ice’ is amazing at keeping the ice alive for a little longer, as in a couple of days longer.

  • Sue peck
    Posted at 31 August 2012 Reply

    We have a very large icebox on our sailboat and I find the use of the wire shelves very helpful. My hubby also mounted some shelves on the back wall to hold bottles and condiments that need to be kept cold. One idea I used on our last trip out that worked well for a week supply of meat was usunf a small cooler. In the week before we left i froze 4 separate meats in ziplock bags and then foe them one at a time in the cooler with ‘layers’ of ice in between. One inch of ice in the bottom of the cooler first then the steaks with a bunch of ice cubes so they wouldn’t float….freeze that layer and then the pork tenderloin etc. I had the chicken at the top. The whole cooler then can be put down below the water line or in the ice box if you have room. I had to chip the pork out of the ice on night number 5 and the steaks were perfect on night number 7!

    • Nancy
      Posted at 23 October 2012 Reply

      I have also used this method and find the same results. Greg and I have been cruising the Sea of Cortes since late 2006 and find a cooler works great. Since we are out away from land for weeks at a time we have carried a small portable ice maker with us since early 2007. It take less power to run the inverter while we are motoring (which on a sail boat seems to happen at least an hour a day, usually more) then running our refrigeration. When in port we buy ice when necessary.

      I also use the racks and baskets which helps to reduce the time the cooler is open. Just grab the meat basket, cheese basket etc.

  • Nick
    Posted at 18 September 2012 Reply

    thanks so much for the information. I am an OTR “Over The Road” Long Haul truck driver and have been wasting so much money on soaked food. The ice would always melt and spoil all the food. I have tried everything and thought i was doomed to eat at these truck stops and gain 200 LBS, but you have saved me from that. So simple to and yet very creative. Thanks again.

  • Martin Henry on Facebook
    Posted at 24 April 2013 Reply

    Great article – we have done this for a number of years. Love cucumbers, celery, carrots and peppers chilled and they last quite awhile.

  • Melanie
    Posted at 09 August 2013 Reply

    I have been so frustrated using coolers over the years. I have thought someone in the cooler making industry would have come up with a solution like what you have done. I have thought for years that they needed some kind of removable shelves. I never tried making my own. The one thing I did do on our last camping trip that helped our ice last longer was to pack our two coolers by putting all of the items we would use on the first day in one cooler including drinks and everything for the last 2 days in the second cooler. On the second day I repositioned some things back into the first cooler that was nearly empty of food items but still had some ice. I always try to make my own ice in large containers so it melts slower too.

  • Peter E.
    Posted at 30 October 2013 Reply

    I have been studying this conundrum for a while, and I did actually come up with the same idea as you about the racks, only I hadn’t yet figured out how to keep them from rusting.
    The plastic coated organisers solves this problem, as long as you don’t start “cutting to fit”, which would bring up potential rust problems.
    My company has just started manufacturing and selling plastic trays to address this problem (for those that are less skillful at wire bending 😉
    I design plastic trays to sit on the ledges formed on the inside walls of many coolers, such as the one pictured in your example. Of course if your cooler doesn’t have these ledges, I can’t make a tray for it, and you’re back to the rack idea.
    I’m not a boat cruiser, rather I do lots of camping and long road trips in a sports car, so my focus for my first product was on that situation. My cooler of choice for those activities is the Coleman 28 quart with the bail handle, because it’s just the right size for use by one or two persons, where space is limited, like in a small car. The bail handle allows you to carry it with one hand, leaving the other hand free to open doors or carry other things. It also makes it much easier on your back to put it in/out of the back seat, trunk or hatch of the car.
    My future designs for larger coolers will look much like your Sterilite bins pictured, except they will hang above, rather than sit above, the ice and water below.
    If you want to see pictures of this tray, just follow this link to my Ebay listing:


    or go to Ebay and do a search for item #141097182583

    I would be happy to hear your opinion if you care to take a look.

  • Great Lakes Scuttlebutt Magazine
    Posted at 19 January 2014 Reply

    We took down 40 pounds of food to the BVI last year – dry ice and a cooler on wheels! Worked perfect!!

  • Gary Green
    Posted at 19 January 2014 Reply

    Lise, this is a good article for us.

  • stephen
    Posted at 16 November 2014 Reply

    Why do people always put ice on the bottom, it should go on the top remember cold air sinks

    • Carolyn Shearlock
      Posted at 16 November 2014 Reply

      Yes, but if you put the food on the bottom, it will end up sitting in water from the melting ice.

  • Peggy
    Posted at 01 May 2015 Reply

    In addition to racks, I use frozen gallon or half-gallon water jugs, then we have water when the ice is gone and have to replace with block ice. Also, I further insulate the TOP of the cooler with folded newspaper (ten or so sheets) that fit to the edge, overlapped if necessary. What a DIFFERENCE this has made! Our cooler is a large thermos cooler, and now I get at least an additional two-three days from the ice. Food is always re-packaged in freezer Ziplocs…no worry about water. Fruit/berries: rinse in bowl with 1 or 2 tablespoons of vinegar, dried thoroughly, and stored in hard plastic containers. The tablespoon of vinegar in the water rinse extends the fruit ‘life’ since it keeps mold from forming

  • Sarah
    Posted at 29 June 2015 Reply

    Hi I’m glad I found your article. I’ve been having this idea for a bake sale to keep my baked goods cool and I wasn’t sure if it was a crazy idea.
    Do you think that cans of frozen soda or beer could replace the ice? I’ve got a ton of expired beer (like reaaally 2012 expired) and was thinking to use that instead of ice! Doable?

    • Carolyn Shearlock
      Posted at 29 June 2015 Reply

      Frozen beer or soda can explode . . . so it might work or might not.

  • Jenn Hebert
    Posted at 07 July 2015 Reply

    Hello! I just wanted to thank you for the tips – I don’t know why I never thought of using racks in my cooler! I’m a historical reenactor, and we’re often “camping” for 1-2 weeks at a time.

  • Susan Condon Dawson
    Posted at 24 July 2015 Reply

    Great info for my upcoming camping trip too!!!

  • Rodney Lewis
    Posted at 24 July 2015 Reply

    Nice. I’m gonna have to get some class and stop using the empty beer cans for that.

  • Desiree Golen
    Posted at 24 July 2015 Reply

    This is awesome! We lived out of a cooler for about a year. Wish I had read this then!! Next time I’ll be prepared!

  • Lucy Untiet
    Posted at 24 July 2015 Reply

    Instead of loose ice we use frozen water bottles

    • The Boat Galley
      Posted at 24 July 2015 Reply

      That works if you’re leaving from home!

    • Lucy Untiet
      Posted at 25 July 2015 Reply

      That’s all we get to do for now. Someday, we’ll get to go on s big trip. For now it’s long weekends.

  • Kelly Lerigny
    Posted at 24 July 2015 Reply

    Tupperware makes super vented veggie keeper boxes that are perfect for coolers. Vegetables keep ages longer than other storage methods and you can stack them. We have also made a very inexpensive insulating blanket with a hardware store purchase of reflective thin insulation which comes in rolls. We had used it to line the hull in the V-berth under our bed to eliminate the condensation and cold and had some left over. Just loaded up our cooler box for a two week cruise in San Juan Islands, WA. Trying a chunk of dry ice for the first time on top of my lasagne. Have to see how it goes:).

  • Charlotte Taylor
    Posted at 20 February 2016 Reply

    Thank you for this article. Very useful!!!

  • Rick Garvin
    Posted at 20 February 2016 Reply

    I love your articles. I read and reread them every day.

    • The Boat Galley
      Posted at 20 February 2016 Reply

      Glad to hear that! Comments like that make my day!

  • Raul
    Posted at 29 April 2016 Reply

    How much does the food in an Ice Box typically weigh?

    • Carolyn Shearlock
      Posted at 30 April 2016 Reply

      That totally depends on the size of the ice box! I know that with a 40 quart cooler, the food/ice/cooler is about 30 pounds — I can lift it by myself, but it’s awkward and easier with two people.

  • Andrés Blanco
    Posted at 16 July 2016 Reply

    Hi great article. Have you ever tried placing an ice mat on top of those bins? or a mylar blanket? Cheers from Costa Rica!

    • Carolyn Shearlock
      Posted at 16 July 2016 Reply

      I’ve put a blanket over the whole cooler; I’m sure it would also help to put one inside over the bins.

  • Rebecca
    Posted at 02 August 2016 Reply

    We love to go camping but never have enough room in the fridge! Also like going on day trip picnics while on the Blueridge Parkway and need a cold cooler that will last more than a few hours. I love the idea of the frozen water jugs. I freeze a water bottle to take to work with me and drink the melted water during the day. Don’t know why I didn’t think of the jugs in the same way for camping! Thanks ?

  • Linda Corbin
    Posted at 02 August 2016 Reply

    Heat rises, cold travels down…ice should be on the top for best cooling. Buy dry ice, lasts long time for food and regular ice for drinks cooler. Drinks in water as ice melts will be nice and cold.

    • Carolyn Shearlock
      Posted at 03 August 2016 Reply

      Dry ice can be impossible to get in many places. Also, produce does better on top of ice — you don’t want to freeze it. We use a separate cooler for drinks so that we are not in and out of the food cooler so many times a day.

  • Susan Kam
    Posted at 18 May 2017 Reply

    Anita, will have to get some containers for the summer trip and something to raise up the food.

  • Christie
    Posted at 20 July 2017 Reply

    So helpful for an upcoming road trip–thank you!

  • M Stiles
    Posted at 25 July 2017 Reply

    I’m confused as to why you would use plastic milk jugs and not cardboard? The cardboard is already a perfect rectangle. The plastic jugs seem like a space nightmare. When you said milk jugs I just asssumed cardboard until I read plastic milk jug.

  • Jeannette DeFriest
    Posted at 29 August 2017 Reply

    Now I have a 10L PVC drybag I use only for cubed ice. Those 7 – 10 lb bags of ice melt so fast and flood the bottom of the cooler. By slipping the plastic ice bag into the drybag I can roll the top closed and lay it on top of all the contents. I still get some water from condensation on the bag but nothing like a flood.

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