Using a galley oven is different than one on shore. A boat’s motion — even at anchor — can make baking with a marine stove seem more challenging than in a home oven. The tips below can eliminate many of the potential problems.
The first rule of baking in a boat oven is to always use your stove gimbals to keep your pans level in the oven. In simple terms, the gimbal is a pivot point running fore and aft that lets your stove/oven stay level, even when the boat is heeled or rolling.
In using a gimbaled stove, there are two important points to keep in mind:
- Most gimbal systems will let the stove swing 20 to 30 degrees, at which point the stove and oven will crash against the back wall. That’s not good for the stove, nor for what you have baking in the oven.
- If you are using the gimbal and have a pot on the stove top, the stove isn’t going to stay level. It’s going to tilt in the direction of the pan. This will cause lopsided cakes and other items won’t cook evenly since one side will be thicker than the other.
Thus, if conditions are rough, you need to check the swing of the stove before mixing something up. Release the gimbal and watch the stove swing for several minutes — hopefully through what feels like the equal of the worst movement the boat is experiencing. If the stove crashes into the wall (or other stop), forget about baking (or any other cooking) and find something cold to eat.
If you’re baking and cooking something on the stove top at the same time, you’ll have to equalize the weight on both sides of the pivot point. For example, if you’re cooking something on a front burner, fill the teakettle or a saucepan with water and set it on an unlit back burner so that the oven will stay level (otherwise the whole stove and oven will tilt, causing pans to slide and cakes to turn out uneven).
While there are pot restraints for cooking on the stove top, I’ve never seen any type of pan restraints for the oven. If you are baking while underway or in a rolly anchorage, you’ll need to wedge the pan in place so it won’t slide as the boat moves, in addition to using the gimbal to keep things level. I found that I could clip small binder clips (make sure they’re 100% metal with no plastic!) to the oven rack to hold a pan in place (if the wires in your rack are too small for the clip to hold, wrap the wire with a few layers of aluminum foil). Some cruisers wedge their baking pans in with additional pans or crumpled aluminum foil, but these interfere with the heat and air flow in the oven and can lead to hot spots. The binder clips can also be used to keep a baking stone from sliding.
Finally, a silicone trivet or a couple of silicone pot holders work well as a cooling rack in a boat galley. Not only are they nonskid – a huge plus – but the texture allows air flow under the pan similar to a wire cooling rack. They are easy to stow, quiet, and serve triple duty — pot holders/trivet, cooling rack and a jar opener!