Using a Galley Oven

Using a galley oven is different than one on shore.  A boat’s motion — even at anchor — can make baking with a marine stove seem more challenging than in a home oven.  The tips below can eliminate many of the potential problems.

The first rule of baking in a boat oven is to always use your stove gimbals to keep your pans level in the oven.  In simple terms, the gimbal is a pivot point running fore and aft that lets your stove/oven stay level, even when the boat is heeled or rolling.

In using a gimbaled stove, there are two important points to keep in mind:

  • Most gimbal systems will let the stove swing 20 to 30 degrees, at which point the stove and oven will crash against the back wall.  That’s not good for the stove, nor for what you have baking in the oven.
  • If you are using the gimbal and have a pot on the stove top, the stove isn’t going to stay level.  It’s going to tilt in the direction of the pan.  This will cause lopsided cakes and other items won’t cook evenly since one side will be thicker than the other.

Thus, if conditions are rough, you need to check the swing of the stove before mixing something up.  Release the gimbal and watch the stove swing for several minutes — hopefully through what feels like the equal of the worst movement the boat is experiencing.  If the stove crashes into the wall (or other stop), forget about baking (or any other cooking) and find something cold to eat.

If you’re baking and cooking something on the stove top at the same time, you’ll have to equalize the weight on both sides of the pivot point.  For example, if you’re cooking something on a front burner, fill the teakettle or a saucepan with water and set it on an unlit back burner so that the oven will stay level (otherwise the whole stove and oven will tilt, causing pans to slide and cakes to turn out uneven).

While there are pot restraints for cooking on the stove top, I’ve never seen any type of pan restraints for the oven.  If you are baking while underway or in a rolly anchorage, you’ll need to wedge the pan in place so it won’t slide as the boat moves, in addition to using the gimbal to keep things level.  I found that I could clip small binder clips (make sure they’re 100% metal with no plastic!) to the oven rack to hold a pan in place (if the wires in your rack are too small for the clip to hold, wrap the wire with a few layers of aluminum foil).  Some cruisers wedge their baking pans in with additional pans or crumpled aluminum foil, but these interfere with the heat and air flow in the oven and can lead to hot spots.  The binder clips can also be used to keep a baking stone from sliding.

Finally, a silicone trivet or a couple of silicone pot holders work well as a cooling rack in a boat galley.  Not only are they nonskid – a huge plus – but the texture allows air flow under the pan similar to a wire cooling rack.  They are easy to stow, quiet, and serve triple duty — pot holders/trivet, cooling rack and a jar opener!

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  • Jake Krige
    Posted at 06 March 2016 Reply

    Ilke Krige

    Posted at 07 March 2016 Reply

    I like the idea of binder clips. I use them to keep chip bags closed, so I already have some on the boat.

  • Carol Dean
    Posted at 07 March 2016 Reply

    And may I add, check your pan size before you bake….I had a pan of home made pecan glazed sweet rolls, perfectly raised, ready to pop in my oven that wouldn’t fit….do you know how difficult it is to tranfer unbaked glazed dough?

    • The Boat Galley
      Posted at 07 March 2016 Reply

      Oh geez. I’ve had to transfer simple things but luckily figured out what pans don’t fit (and gave them away) before I had bread dough in one.

  • Dave Skolnick
    Posted at 07 March 2016 Reply

    The issue with balanced cooktops is why you see so many two burner cookers on offshore passagemakers. I sure miss extra burners (I had a six-burner commercial cooktop in my last house). My observation is on boat sized cookers the difference between two and three (or four) burners just isn’t important.

    I absolutely agree with Carolyn about letting the oven gimbal while baking. I do suggest locking the gimbal when you are ready to take things out. The door throws everything off. It only takes one hot lasagna in your lap to learn that lesson.

    • Carolyn Shearlock
      Posted at 07 March 2016 Reply

      Good point Dave to lock it when you take things out. And being extra, extra careful as you open that door and have a hand ready to catch anything that might slide out.

  • Sarah Johnson
    Posted at 20 April 2017 Reply

    You guys are fancy! I don’t have an oven in my galley, but I did once bake a cake inside the nesting pots you recommend.

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